US bans Sri Lankan army chief from entry over allegations of war crimes

Shavendra Silva in 2009 was in charge of the 58th Division that human rights groups have accused of violating international human rights laws, including using artillery to shell a hospital, an allegation he has denied.

US bans Sri Lankan army chief from entry over allegations of war crimes
Sri Lankan army chief Shavendra Silva looks on during an event at the army head quarters in Colombo, Sri Lanka February 3, 2020. (Reuters)

The US government on Friday issued a travel ban Sri Lanka's army chief, saying there is “credible information of his involvement” in human rights violations during the final phase of the island nation's civil war that ended 11 years ago, Secretary of State Michael R Pompeo said.

The army chief, Shavendra Silva, and his immediate family members are now prohibited from travelling to the US in a ban that was quickly denounced by Sri Lanka's government, which said “there were no substantiated or proven allegations of human rights violations" committed by Silva.

Silva in 2009 was in charge of the 58th Division which encircled the final stronghold of the Tamil Tiger rebels in the last stages of the civil war that killed at least 100,000 people. 

Human rights groups have accused the division of violating international human rights laws, including using artillery to shell a hospital, an allegation he has denied.

Pompeo said in a statement that ”the allegations of gross human rights violations against Shavendra Silva, documented by the United Nations and other organisations, are serious and credible." 

According to a 2015 investigation by the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, near the end of the war, Silva was tasked with capturing the country's Putumattalan area from the Tamil Tigers. The investigation cited evidence that the hospital and a UN facility were shelled.

“Witnesses alleged the use of cluster-type munitions by the Sri Lankan armed forces in their attacks on Putumattalan hospital and the United Nations hub,” the investigation's report said.

After the civil war, Silva was promoted to major general. He was promoted again and became Sri Lanka's army commander last year amid international condemnation but is widely respected among Sri Lanka’s ethnic Sinhalese majority.

Pompeo urged Sri Lanka's government “to promote human rights, hold accountable individuals responsible for war crimes and human rights violations, advance security sector reform, and uphold its other commitments to pursue justice and reconciliation.”

Sri Lanka's foreign ministry said in a statement that Silva was appointed army commander because of his seniority and asked US officials to verify the sources of the information used to justify the travel ban.

The statement added that “it is disappointing that a foreign government should question the prerogative of the democratically elected President to call upon persons with proven expertise to hold key positions on national security-related matters.” 

Sri Lanka declared victory over the rebels in May 2009, ending the Tamil Tigers’ 26-year campaign for an independent state for minority ethnic Tamils. Both the Sri Lankan military and the rebels have been accused of wartime abuses.

The United Nations has said some 45,000 ethnic Tamil civilians may have been killed during the final stages of the conflict that also saw rebels carry out suicide air raids on civilian, government and military targets across the country, including in and around capital Colombo.

Some analysts credit the Tamil Tigers with pioneering the frequent use of coordinated suicide attacks during warfare.

The LTTE was designated as a terrorist group by a number of countries including India, Malaysia, US, Canada, UK, Australia, European Union.

India was the first country to ban the LTTE in 1992 after the group claimed responsibility for assassinating former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi.

Sri Lanka's government promised the UN Human Rights Council in 2015 that it would investigate the allegations against Silva and involve foreign prosecutors and judges, but has not done so.

News Source:- AP